What is Islam?

Islam is to believe in and to worship Allah (The One True God) alone, and to accept Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as His final Messenger.

Did you know –

  • Approximately 1 in 4 people (23%) are Muslim – over 1.5 billion Muslims
  • Followers of Islam are known as Muslims who can be from any racial or ethnic background

Faith & Attitude

Allah calls on us to acknowledge Him through His signs. Allah has made it our responsibility to recognise Him. This is part of the test of this life. Without the right attitude, no amount of information can make someone believe. Thus, we are encouraged to have certain traits and avoid others, these include:

✔ Objectivity & an open mind ✖ Preconceived barriers/misconceptions to not believe
✔ Humbleness & sincerity ✖ Pride & arrogance
✔ Contemplation about our purpose ✖ Focus only on material world
✔ Receptive to Allah’s signs ✖ Dismiss everything as meaningless

Reason 1: Beginning of the Universe

The first reason for believing in Allah relates to reflecting on the origin of the universe.

How did the universe come to exist?

✖ Did it come from nothing? From nothing, comes nothing. So, obviously not.
✖ Did it create itself? No, this is irrational. It is like saying a mother gave birth to herself.
✖ Has it always existed? No, modern science concludes that the universe is not eternal and had a beginning.
✔ Was it created? Yes. Muslims believe something beyond the universe created it – The Creator.

But who created Allah?

Allah was not created. Unlike the universe and the rest of creation, Allah is eternal, has always existed and has no beginning. He tells us in the Qur’an in chapter 112 called Surah al-Ikhlas:

Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”

Reason 2: Order of the Universe

Another simple reason for believing in Allah is by pondering over the order of the universe using the following logic:

  1. Anything that is ordered indicates intelligence
  2. Our solar system is highly ordered with intricate systems, laws & patterns
  3. The order in our universe indicates the intelligence of the Creator!

Many features in the universe clearly indicate it to be specially designed to support life. If these measurements were slightly different to what they currently are, life could not exist. Examples below.

  • Ozone Layer
  • Thickness of earth’s crust
  • Oxygen % in the air
  • Distance from sun
  • Relative size of sun, earth & moon

Could a large complex universe form by coincidence, without supervision? It should be noted that Islam encourages scientific research and reflection. The role of science helps us describe the many observed patterns that Allah places in His creation and appreciate the extent of His power and wisdom.

Reason 3: Revelation – Qur’an

The Qur’an provides a strong argument for the existence of Allah and it is unmatched in its style, wisdom, guidance, eloquence as well as its uniqueness in how it addresses the reader. Read more here.

  • No errors or contradictions
  • Pure & clear descriptions of Allah
  • Pinnacle of arabic linguistic beauty
  • Revealed via Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) who was illiterate
  • Preserved – no alterations in 1400 years
  • Deep insights into human behaviour
  • Memorised by millions of people
  • Contains scientific facts not known at that time

Fittingly, those who say how can you prove Allah exists, He says in many places that His signs are in His creation, and they are only observable by those who ponder and reflect. In chapter 51, verses 20-21, Allah says:

On earth there are signs for those with sure faith; and in yourselves too, do you not see?

Who is Allah?

One of the main beauties of Islam is that it acknowledges the complete perfection, greatness and uniqueness of Allah with absolutely no compromises.

  • Allah is One & Unique and has no rivals, partners or sons.
  • Allah is Worthy of All Worship – directly & exclusively (no intermediaries).
  • Allah is Perfect & Flawless – No limitations or weaknesses.
  • Allah is the Most Merciful – He knows we are imperfect and commit sins, however the key is to always acknowledge our mistakes and to sincerely ask for forgiveness.
  • No part of Allah is present in His creation nor do others share in His divine attributes.

When trying to understand the concept of Allah in Islam, it is important to discuss the status of Jesus, given the widespread confusion and claims about his nature.

Islam acknowledges Jesus as an honourable Prophet and Messenger of Allah, but Muslims do not worship him – as worship is for Allah alone who created Jesus and everything that exists. As such, the belief of Jesus as Allah, or the son of Allah, or part of a trinity, clearly contradicts the pure teachings of Allah in Islam or in fact since humanity began. Read more here.

If Jesus was God, who would he be praying to?

There are many examples in Christian teachings of Jesus speaking and behaving as if Allah is a separate being to himself, e.g. Jesus prays to Allah.

How can Allah be both perfect and imperfect?

Jesus was born, ate, slept and had limited knowledge – all attributes not befitting Allah. Allah has attributes of perfection whereas Man is the opposite.

What does the term “son of God” really mean?

We find the term “son of God” is symbolically used in the earliest biblical languages for a “righteous person” for many people – not exclusively for Jesus. Allah is far removed from having a physical and literal son.

If God can do anything, why can’t he become a man?

Allah always maintains attributes of perfection and does not do anything to compromise this perfection. By definition,Allah does not do ungodly acts. So, if Allah became man and took on human attributes, he would, necessarily, no longer be Allah.

Many Prophets

1 Mission

Prophet Adam
Prophet Noah
Prophet Abraham
Prophet Moses
Prophet Jesus
Prophet Muhammad
+ other prophetsPeace be upon them all
  • Emphasise concept of one God
  • Reject false gods and beliefs
  • Demonstrate how to worship God
  • Be an example of righteousness
  • Describe rewards for obedience (heaven)
  • Warn of punishment for disobedience (hell)

Allah sent Prophets to every nation throughout time with the same essential message – to worship Allah alone. Although Muslims love and respect all Prophets, they do not worship them or attribute divinity to them, as this is reserved solely for Allah. Read more here.

Purpose of Life

Allah, the All Wise, did not create us to simply wander aimlessly or to only fulfil our basic instincts and desires. Rather, we have a higher purpose – to acknowledge and worship Allah alone, so that we live upon the guidance of our Creator. This guidance enables us to live a contented and successful life in all aspects.

It is part of Allah’s infinite wisdom that He created us and gave us the opportunity to know Him and to experience our lives and make our own choices.

Islam is a complete and practical way of life that teaches Muslims to be balanced, decent and contributing members of society. The concept of worship in Islam does not only include praying and supplicating to Allah. It is a broad definition that includes any action that Allah is pleased with. Some examples include:

  • Earning an honest living
  • Opposing oppression
  • Taking care of orphans
  • Looking after the environment
  • Having patience & humility
  • Benefitting the community
  • Respecting parents
  • Standing up for justice
  • Kindness to neighbours
  • Having mindfulness of Allah
  • Providing for one’s family
  • Speaking the truth

Acts of worship require the sincere intention to please Allah and must be performed correctly according to Islamic guidelines. Read more here.

What does Islam say about…

Women: Women have the highest respect in Islam. They are to be treated with love, honour and respect. They are the partners of men, and no oppression can ever be condoned towards them. Read more here.

Terrorism: Islam permits fighting in order to preserve the well being of society, to prevent oppression from spreading, and to promote justice. However, targeting innocent non-combatants is a despicable act which is prohibited. Read more here.

Halal food: Halal foods are those lawful for Muslims to consume. Meats and poultry should be slaughtered humanely with suffering minimised, and Allah’s name should be mentioned during slaughter.

Evolution: Allah created the first human being, Adam, in his final form – as opposed to evolving gradually from advanced apes. This cannot be directly confirmed or denied by science because this was a unique and singular historical event – a miracle. As for living creatures other than humans, Islamic sources are silent on the matter and only require us to believe that Allah created them in whatever manner He wanted, using evolution or otherwise.

A Muslim’s Outlook on Life

  • Balance of hope in Allah’s Mercy and fear of His punishment
  • I have a noble purpose
  • If good happens, be grateful. If bad happens, have patience
  • This life is a test and Allah sees everything I do
  • Put my trust in Allah – nothing happens except by His permission
  • Everything I have is from Allah
  • Genuine hope & concern for non-Muslims to be guided
  • Focus on what is in my control & try my best
  • I will return to Allah and be accountable